By looking at the works of the contemporary scientists one sees all kinds of philosophies hidden in their work. But the most apparent philosophy in much of the contemporary scientific work is empiricism and the denial of metaphysics. Furthermore, whereas scientists of the earlier centuries paid attention to the philosophical implications of their work, many of the contemporary scientists consider philosophical thought to be a waste of time and consider only empirical knowledge to be worthy of consideration. Because of the dominance of this mentality, a student in the scientific fields thinks that our scientific knowledge is based only on experimentation and is free of any metaphysical element. Today many of the scientific investigators pay attention only to their specific fields and have lost the idea of having a unified view on their pieces of knowledge. This is due to their lack of knowledge about the limits of empirical knowledge and the important role of philosophy in their scientific investigations.
To remedy this problem, it is important that the students following various fields of scientific knowledge to become aware of the limits of scientific knowledge and the relevance of philosophy to science.
In recent years, Western universities have become aware of the short -sightedness of their graduates and have included some courses in humanities for the students of science and engineering and have established departments of the philosophy of science, To begin with, they started these departments at the graduate level, but recently they have established departments of the philosophy of science even at the undergraduate level. For example, King’s College, in London, recently started a program at the undergraduate level, in which 8 or 9 courses in either physics or chemistry is taught with 2-3 courses in the philosophy of science . Similarly, Columbia University, in New York, started a graduate program on the philosophical foundations of physics, several years ago.
If Western countries have started enriching their graduates’ knowledge, it is necessary for us, as followers of Islam with its emphasis on getting deep knowledge of God’s creation, to extend the knowledge of our graduates beyond a superficial level and to familiarize them with the metaphysical aspects of their knowledge.